"Speed, fitness and endurance..."
Speed, fitness and endurance are all characteristics needed for Cycling, a sport that has been included in the Paralympic Games programme since Seoul 1988.
As at the Olympic Games, Cycling at the Paralympic Games is split between the track and the road.
Track races inside the velodrome include 1km Time Trials, Pursuits and Team and Tandem Sprints for specific classifications.
On the road, athletes compete in the Road Race and Time Trial.
The classification for Cycling is split into four groups. In each, 1 represents the highest degree of impairment and 4/5 the least.
- C1-C5 for athletes with cerebral palsy, amputees, and les autres who can ride a bicycle.
- T1-T2 (tricycle) for athletes with cerebral palsy or les autres athletes who are unable to ride a bicycle.
- B for visually impaired cyclists, who are all classified together and compete on tandem bicycles with a sighted guide or pilot rider.
- H1-H5 (handcycle) for riders with impairments affecting both legs or a combination of upper and lower limbs.
Cycling at elite level is currently contested by over 70 countries, but it’s a sport that many take part in at recreational level just for fitness or enjoyment.
Additional information and useful links
History of Cycling
History of Cycling
Disability cycling was first developed by cyclists with visual impairments who competed on tandem bicycles.
Since then, Cycling has continued to grow and the Paralympic programme has grown to accommodate high levels of international interest in the competitive side of the sport.
National Governing Body
British Cycling is the internationally recognised governing body of Cycling in the UK. It administers the sport in the following disciplines: BMX, Cycle Speedway, Cyclo-Cross, Mountain Bike, Road and Track.
British Cycling members have access to an extensive events programme, racing licences and a range of benefits. British Cycling underpins Cycling with programmes focusing on facilities, major events, coaching, volunteers, club development and grass-roots participation. The organisation is also committed to broadening the base of participation in leisure Cycling in the UK.